Regarding "Chuck Hagel's equally troubling Cuba problem" (Other Views, Jan. 21): Jennifer Rubin, like many neo-conservatives, displays a perplexing lack of faith in capitalism and a tragic failure to understand human behavior similar to that displayed by Karl Marx. The neo-cons and elder Cuban-American refugees' insistence on maintaining policy embargos and military saber rattling is a doomed policy that ensures the continued exploitation of generations of Cuban people.
In a free and open trade world capitalism was always going to eradicate communism because it is the only system that meets the behavioral needs of the human population. Communism failed because Karl Marx was basically an incompetent sociologist. He believed humans would function best in a stateless, classless society. That human beings had basically the same motivations, needs, and behaviors and that everyone would happily work for the good of society and not for their own needs.
Marx was a staff support personality, a researcher who thought everyone possessed a similar personality as he — non-competitive, highly analytical, moderately paced and detail-conscious who sought out an environment composed of groups. What he could not apparently comprehend was that humans have differing personalities. He had no clue that approximately 18 percent of the human population is "type A," a personality that prefers competitive environments, financial rewards for its efforts, has a strong need to lead, take charge and achieve on its own behalf. These individuals would never be satisfied in a system that did not reward those who achieved more.
Communism was always doomed to failure. It survived initially in Russia and was exported to other countries as a fair and equal system for people but quickly turned into a bureaucracy where party members reaped the rewards of a society and many were left out. There is a theory in business evolution that the first generation builds, the second generation succeeds and the third generation destroys. So it goes with bureaucracies. They become more structure focused as they evolve. "Type A" personalities" do not fit in because they want to change things and rock the boat. These personalities are often run out of bureaucracies, just as they were run out of the Communist Party, which then created an underbelly of assertive, aggressive risk takers who, when things had gotten so bad even the staff support people became unsatisfied, created the revolution to return to the capitalistic system. It took years, and many of these risk-takers died in early attempts at change, but they did effect a change that swept across Eastern Europe and into Russia because communism simply did not meet the behavioral need of humans.
This reality even caused communist China to smartly change, morphing into a capitalist-socialist society that allows the "type A" personality to meet their needs through capitalism. Communist China became capitalistic in response to trade and manufacturing demands. When even a smattering of capitalism is introduced into a population, it is like a virus that infects "type A" personalities with the dreams of achievement, power, wealth and a better life. They cannot resist, and neither can staff support personalities, whose personal financial situations rise with the tide of capitalism. China, although a professed communist country, is basically a quasi-capitalistic system that has created such huge trade relationships with the West that it inhibits its militaristic ventures. They are more apt to dominate the world with economic might than military power.
So what happened in Cuba? America embargoed the country and ceased trade relations because of two factors: 1. Cuban-American refugees who did not believe in the power of the capitalist economic system demanded these actions because they had never known a true capitalist system because their frame of reference was the Batista regime, a corrupt dictatorship. 2. Neo-conservative Republicans, fearful of the expansion of communism, had lost faith in the power of capitalism and chose isolation as a foreign policy to combat communism. These two groups formed an alliance that still stands today and is responsible for condemning multiple generations of Cubans in Cuba to a life of broken dreams.
Their isolation policy allowed Castro's communism to survive because the people of Cuba were denied the introduction of capitalism that would awaken the populace to the natural human desires to achieve and be rewarded. And more importantly perhaps, Castro understood that if he allowed the "type A" personalities to flee the country, to release the steam from the kettle, it would eliminate the agents of change. Most of the other communist countries had built walls to keep their people in. Thus, the "type A" personalities could not flee and could only remain and fight for change. Those communist counties facilitated their own demise because they did not understand human behavior like the Chinese or Castro.
The sad fact is that the Cuban-American refugees, our neo-conservatives and Karl Marx are all incompetent sociologists. None of them has any understanding of human behavior, and all of them lost faith in capitalism. Chuck Hagel doesn't have a troubling Cuban problem — they do. Capitalism is the greatest economic system on Earth, because it is the only one that truly meets the needs of human behavior. It would be refreshing to see the neo-conservative right express a belief in the power of the American capitalist system by breaking down trade barriers with Cuba.